The spring rate, also called spring constant or spring hardness, depends on the spring material and the shape of the compression spring, extension spring or torsion spring. The formula for calculating the spring rate for cylindrical springs made of round
Compression springs, extension springs and torsion springs are typical C-parts for most companies: They are not the focus of the procurement process, but are used in almost all technical applications. The requirements for the springs are very versatile and individual.
Whether in cooling systems, in space or other low temperature applications. Metal springs often have to withstand temperatures of up to – 200 degrees. Despite rising tensile strenght low temperatures have an unfavorable effect on the material, as the toughness
The level of the working temperature can significantly influence the function of a metal spring, as the tendency to Relaxation increases with increasing temperature. table : Limit temperatures from Spring materials with minimal relaxation material Maximum working temperature in °
Whether in corrosive liquids, at High temperature applications or at lowest temperatures , with dynamic or static loads, compressive, tensile or bending loads: With the Design of the metal spring in extreme cases there is more to be done than
List of the most important spring steels with material description, operating temperature, modulus of elasticity (E-modulus) and sliding modulus (G-modulus) as well as price index. Compared to other steels, spring steel has a higher strength and can be deformed up